Geometric Patterns as Material Things: The Making of Seljuk Patterns on Curved Surfaces

Begüm Hamzaoğlu and Mine Özkar
Proceedings of Bridges 2016: Mathematics, Music, Art, Architecture, Education, Culture (2016)
Pages 331–336 Regular Papers


There is very little information today on the historical techniques that medieval craftsmen used to apply the intricate geometric patterns on architectural surfaces. This paper focuses on the particular problem of applying geometric patterns on curved stone surfaces and explores possible technical application scenarios for a select group of 13th century Anatolian patterns. We illustrate hypothetical processes of how to apply three patterns on three different types of curved surfaces and discuss the relation between the surface geometry and the tools. Our main motivation is to shed light on how the geometric construction of the designs and the making of these patterns correlate.