Sangaku-Japanese Mathematics and Art in 18th, 19th and 20th Centuries

Hidetoshi Fukagawa and Kazunori Horibe
Proceedings of Bridges 2014: Mathematics, Music, Art, Architecture, Culture (2014)
Pages 111–118 Regular Papers


In the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries ordinary people enjoyed traditional Japanese mathematics all over Japan. They made sangaku, votive wooden tablets with geometry problems, and hung them in many temples and shrines. The problems were presented artistically in color to attract the visitor's eye. The world of sangaku means both Japanese mathematics and art dedicated to temples and shrines.