Balanço: The Contour of Relative Offbeatness

Mehmet Vurkaç
Proceedings of Bridges 2012: Mathematics, Music, Art, Architecture, Culture (2012)
Pages 329–336 Regular papers


A simple framework is presented in which the clave direction of samba can be discerned by relating the contour of relative-offbeatness values to the trajectory of a swing (balanço) or pendulum. This can be learned by musicians and listeners, and implemented in intelligent automated music tutors, accompanists and in music-database searches.