Viruses and Crystals: Science Meets Design

B.G. Thomas
Proceedings of Bridges 2010: Mathematics, Music, Art, Architecture, Culture (2010)
Pages 335–340 Regular Papers


This paper presents a review of the development of X-ray crystallography – the science of determining the arrangement of atoms in solids – a discipline that encompasses physics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy and mathematics. The importance of the cross-fertilization of ideas between the arts and sciences is discussed and examples are provided.